Defence and innovation have always gone hand-in-hand. Whether the innovation originated in defence or was simply perfected by it, the examples are countless: from the Internet, to radar, to good ol’ duct tape.
Working for OMX, a collaborative platform for accessing procurement opportunities and analyzing the socio-economic impacts of organizations, I know how crucial government support and investment can be for building the necessary infrastructure to develop next-generation technologies.
But predicting the next breakthrough isn’t so easy. That’s why earlier this year, the Canadian Government unveiled five emerging technologies as areas to focus on for defence investment and spending.
These five emerging technologies will be grouped under Canada’s Key Industrial Capabilities (KICs), giving it greater emphasis in defence procurements under the Industrial and Technological Benefits (ITB) policy.
(There are also an additional 11 established technologies that will fall under the KICs.)
The KICs are defined as “the skills, technologies, and supply chains” required to support the growth of these technologies. They are not limited to just the organizations associated with the end solution but include the academic organizations that support skills and research, the small- and medium-sized enterprises and manufacturers that develop the value chain, and the intellectual property that is developed in Canada.
The list of KICs are expected to evolve over time to meet new technological advances and Canada’s defence requirements, but for now, here are the five emerging technologies in the KICs – and one Canadian organization or program currently leading the field in each one.
New materials such as composite structures, aerostructures, and advanced feedstocks combined with new production processes like additive manufacturing, 3-D printing, and advanced machining mean greater operational capability and cost-efficiency of defence equipment with broader applications in military, aerospace, land, marine, and space domains, along with private sectors.
Watch out for: One of five superclusters announced under the $950 million Innovation Superclusters Initiative (ISI), the Advanced Manufacturing Supercluster led by Next Generation Manufacturing Canada will focus on the application of advanced technologies in the digital age of manufacturing. The expected economic impact of the Advanced Manufacturing Supercluster is more than $13.5 billion and 13,500 jobs over 10 years.
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
AI involves a wide range of technologies that look to imitate human intelligence and execute complex tasks such as pattern recognition and decision-making. By leveraging fields such as machine learning, deep learning, and self-learning, an AI can reduce or even replace human workloads. AI is expected to touch upon every public and private field – PWC estimated that AI will add almost $20 trillion to the global economy by 2030.
Watch out for: Menya Solutions has been developing AI solutions for the Canadian Navy for the past decade. But it’s their newest endeavour, HybridLogic, that’s making waves. HybridLogic is a suite of AI and intent, capability, and opportunity analysis algorithms designed to help humans, robots, and drones analyze a tactical situation and make timely decisions during defence operations.